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Quick answer
"Estás casada" is a phrase which is often translated as "you're married", and "soltera" is a noun which is often translated as "single woman". Learn more about the difference between "estás casada" and "soltera" below.
estás casada
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. you're married
José preguntó si estás casada o eres soltera.Jose asked if you're married or single.
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (not married woman)
a. single woman
La soltera que está en la barra te quiere invitar a un trago.The single woman at the bar wants to buy you a drink.
b. unmarried woman
Mi hermana divorciada no se acostumbra a la vida de soltera.My divorced sister isn't getting used to the life of an unmarried woman.
c. spinster
Una dama de honor que se tropieza yendo al altar se quedará soltera para siempre.A bridesmaid who trips while going down the aisle will be a spinster forever.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (not married)
a. single
Te tengo que presentar a mi amiga soltera Aurora.I have to introduce you to my single friend, Aurora.
b. unmarried
Estar soltera y embarazada en el siglo XIX se consideraba una gran desgracia para la familia.To be unmarried and pregnant in the 19th century was considered to be a great disgrace to the family.
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