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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "acento" is a noun which is often translated as "accent". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "acento" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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acento(
ah
-
sehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (intonation)
a. accent
Misha habla español con un acento ruso pronunciado.Misha speaks Spanish with a pronounced Russian accent.
2. (importance)
a. emphasis
La empresa le puso más acento al marketing que a la calidad.The company put more emphasis on marketing than on quality.
b. stress
Los profesores deben poner un acento particular en el proceso de enseñanza.Professors must put particular stress on the teaching process.
3. (linguistics)
a. accent
¿Se escribe así? - No, no lleva acento.Do you spell it like that? - No, it doesn't have an accent on it.
b. stress
¿Dije bien tu nombre? - No, el acento cae en la primera sílaba.Did I pronounce your name right? - No, the stress falls on the first syllable.
c. emphasis
Si cambias el acento, cambias el significado de la palabra.If you change the emphasis, you change the meaning of the word.
4. (manner)
a. tone
Abrió su discurso con acento dramático.He opened his speech in a dramatic tone.
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