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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "esto" is a pronoun which is also often translated as "this". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "esto" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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esto(
ehs
-
toh
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (demonstrative)
a. this
Esto es lo que buscaba.This is what I was looking for.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
2. (sentence tag)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. well
Esto . . . ¿has conocido al novio de Alicia que viene esta noche? Well . . . have you met Alicia's boyfriend who is coming tonight?
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