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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "esa" is an adjective which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "esa" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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esa(
eh
-
sah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (demonstrative)
a. that
Esa película fue la mejor que he visto en mucho tiempo.That movie was the best I've seen in a long time.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (demonstrative)
a. that one
Dame esa de ahí.Give me that one there.
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