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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "aquel" is an adjective which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "aquel" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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aquel(
ah
-
kehl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (demonstrative)
a. that
Me gusta mucho aquella casa que hay en lo alto de la colina.I really like that house on top of the hill.
Aquel coche estacionado allá es mío.That car parked over there is mine.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (demonstrative)
a. that one
No sé tú pero yo prefiero aquel.I don't know about you but I prefer that one.
Aquella es más grande que esta.That one is bigger than this one.
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