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Quick answer
"Está contenta" is a phrase which is often translated as "she's happy", and "triste" is an adjective which is often translated as "sad". Learn more about the difference between "está contenta" and "triste" below.
está contenta(
ehs
-
tah
 
kohn
-
tehn
-
tah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (she's joyful; third person singular)
a. she's happy
La jefa está muy simpática hoy. - Sí, está contenta porque se va de vacaciones.The boss is very friendly today. - Yes, she's happy because she's going on vacation.
b. is happy
Isabel está contenta porque va a ser abuela.Isabel is happy because she's going to become a grandmother.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(you're joyful; second person singular)
a. you're happy
¡Qué guapa se pone usted cuando está contenta!You look so beautiful when you're happy!
3. (she's glad; third person singular)
a. she's pleased
La profesora nos ha dicho que este trimestre está contenta con nuestro trabajo.The teacher has told us she's pleased with our work this term.
b. is pleased
Laura está muy contenta con su nuevo trabajo. Es interesante y gana mucho dinero.Laura is very pleased with her new job. It's interesting, and she's earning a lot of money.
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(you're glad; second person singular)
a. you're pleased
Si está tan contenta con la casa, ¿por qué quiere venderla?If you're so pleased with the house, why do you want to sell it?
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triste(
trees
-
teh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unhappy)
a. sad
Se puso triste cuando supo que la había perdido.He felt sad when he knew he had lost her.
b. melancholy
Estaba muy triste porque no iba a volver a verlo.She felt very melancholy because she was not going to see him again.
2. (dreary)
a. gloomy
Qué triste está este cuarto con las ventanas cerradas.This room looks very gloomy with the windows closed.
3. (insignificant)
a. miserable
Lo hizo por cuatro tristes pesos.He did it for a few miserable pesos.
b. meager
Es un triste consuelo saber que no sufrió.Knowing he did not suffer is of meager comfort.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
4. (song)
Regionalism used in Argentina
(Argentina)
Regionalism used in Peru
(Peru)
a. sad song
No me gusta escuchar tristes los domingos por la noche.I do not like to listen to sad songs on Sunday evenings.
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