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Quick answer
"Está" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's", and "hay" is an impersonal verb which is often translated as "there is". Learn more about the difference between "está" and "hay" below.
está(
ehs
-
tah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to express location; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
¿Dónde está Joaquín? - Está en el baño.Where's Joaquin? - He's in the bathroom.
b. she's (feminine)
Mi mamá no está en casa. Está en el centro comercial.My mom is not home. She's at the mall.
c. it's
¿Dónde está la aspiradora? - Está en mi habitación.Where's the vacuum cleaner? - It's in my room.
d. is
La Puerta de Brandenburgo está en Berlín.The Brandenburg Gate is in Berlin.
2. (used to express a quality; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
Francisco no vino a clases porque está enfermo.Francisco didn't come to school because he's sick.
b. she's (feminine)
Conozco a esa mujer. Está casada con un amigo.I know that woman. She's married to a friend of mine.
c. it's
No puedes abrir la lavadora cuando está lavando.You can't open the washer when it's running.
d. is
Mi celular está roto. Tengo que llevarlo a arreglar.My cellphone is broken. I need to get it fixed.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to express location; second person singular)
a. you're
Si está cerca, puedo recogerlo con mi coche.If you're close, I can pick you up.
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to express a quality;second person singular)
a. you're
Si está con hambre, podemos ir a cenar ahora.If you're hungry, we can go have dinner now.
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hay(
ay
)
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
1. (to exist)
a. there is (singular)
Hay un hombre mirándote.There is a man looking at you.
b. there are (plural)
¿Hay pimientos en la nevera?Are there any peppers in the fridge?
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