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Quick answer
"Está" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's", and "esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this". Learn more about the difference between "está" and "esta" below.
está(
ehs
-
tah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to express location; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
¿Dónde está Joaquín? - Está en el baño.Where's Joaquin? - He's in the bathroom.
b. she's (feminine)
Mi mamá no está en casa. Está en el centro comercial.My mom is not home. She's at the mall.
c. it's
¿Dónde está la aspiradora? - Está en mi habitación.Where's the vacuum cleaner? - It's in my room.
d. is
La Puerta de Brandenburgo está en Berlín.The Brandenburg Gate is in Berlin.
2. (used to express a quality; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
Francisco no vino a clases porque está enfermo.Francisco didn't come to school because he's sick.
b. she's (feminine)
Conozco a esa mujer. Está casada con un amigo.I know that woman. She's married to a friend of mine.
c. it's
No puedes abrir la lavadora cuando está lavando.You can't open the washer when it's running.
d. is
Mi celular está roto. Tengo que llevarlo a arreglar.My cellphone is broken. I need to get it fixed.
3.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to express location; second person singular)
a. you're
Si está cerca, puedo recogerlo con mi coche.If you're close, I can pick you up.
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to express a quality;second person singular)
a. you're
Si está con hambre, podemos ir a cenar ahora.If you're hungry, we can go have dinner now.
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esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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