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Quick answer
"Esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this", and "hay" is an impersonal verb which is often translated as "there is". Learn more about the difference between "esta" and "hay" below.
esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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hay(
ay
)
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
1. (to exist)
a. there is (singular)
Hay un hombre mirándote.There is a man looking at you.
b. there are (plural)
¿Hay pimientos en la nevera?Are there any peppers in the fridge?
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