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Quick answer
"Espero que" is a phrase which is often translated as "I hope that", and "pasado" is a noun which is often translated as "past". Learn more about the difference between "espero que" and "pasado" below.
espero que(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. I hope that
Espero que consigas trabajo pronto.I hope that you get a job soon.
b. I hope
¿Tendremos que vender la casa? - Espero que no.Will we have to sell the house? - I hope not.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (time before the present)
a. past
Me gustaría viajar al pasado para ver cómo hablaba la gente.I would like to travel to the past to see how people spoke.
2. (grammar)
a. past tense
¿Cómo se conjuga el verbo "ser" en el pasado?How do you conjugate the verb "ser" in the past tense?
b. past
Di si la siguiente frase está en pasado, presente o futuro: "El niño jugaba a la pelota".Say if the following sentence is in the past, the present, or the future: "El niño jugaba a la pelota."
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (time)
a. past
No quiero hablar de victorias pasadas; quiero hablar de cómo podemos ganar de nuevo.I don't want to talk about past victories; I want to to talk about how we can win again.
b. last (most recent)
El jueves pasado me fui a Nueva York.Last Thursday I went to New York.
4. (culinary)
a. overcooked
El pescado está pasado; lo dejamos demasiado tiempo sobre la estufa.The fish is overcooked; we left it on the stove too long.
b. expired
Esta leche está pasada. Mira, ¡está expirada hace dos semanas!This milk is expired. Look, it expired two weeks ago!
c. overripe
Este aguacate está pasado. Está marrón por adentro.This avocado is overripe. It's brown inside.
d. stale
El pan está pasado. No lo puedo ni morder.The bread is stale. I can't even bite it.
5. (not stylish)
a. outdated
No me vengas a criticar el atuendo a mí, tú con tu ropa pasada.Don't come criticize my outfit in your outdated clothes.
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