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Quick answer
"Esperar que" is a transitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to hope", and "ir a" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "to go to". Learn more about the difference between "esperar que" and "ir a" below.
esperar que(
ehs
-
peh
-
rahr
 
keh
)
A transitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and requires a direct object (e.g. Take out the trash.).
transitive verb phrase
1. (to wish)
a. to hope
Espero que vengas con nosotros.I hope you'll come with us.
2. (to count on)
a. to expect
Lamentablemente, nadie espera que los precios bajen ni que aumente el empleo.Unfortunately, nobody expects prices to fall or employment to rise.
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ir a(
eer
 
ah
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to go to a place)
a. to go to
¿Vas a ir a la fiesta el sábado?Are you going to go to the party on Saturday?
Debes ir a la escuela antes de que se haga más tarde.You should go to school before it gets any later.
2. (used to express intentionality)
a. to go
¿Puedes ir a preguntarle a tu hermano si quiere cenar?Can you go and ask your brother if he wants to have dinner?
b. to be going to
Voy a regar el jardín cuando baje el sol.I'm going to water the garden when the sun goes down.
irse a
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
3. (to depart for)
a. to go to
¿Dónde están María y Ana? - Se han ido a la playa.Where are Maria and Ana? - They've gone to the beach.
b. to leave for
¿Cuáles son sus planes? - El lunes nos vamos a Ámsterdam y el martes volaremos a Ciudad del Cabo.What are your plans? - We're leaving for Amsterdam on Monday and we'll fly to Cape Town on Tuesday.
4. (used to express intentionality)
a. to be going to
Me voy a sentar en este banco porque estoy muy cansada.I'm going to sit on this bench because I'm very tired.
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