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Quick answer
"Especie" is a noun which is often translated as "species", and "tipo" is a noun which is often translated as "type". Learn more about the difference between "especie" and "tipo" below.
especie(
ehs
-
peh
-
syeh
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (biology)
a. species
Desafortunadamente, esta especie está en peligro de extinción.Unfortunately, this species is endangered.
2. (type)
a. kind
Un mazo es una especie de martillo.A mallet is a kind of hammer.
b. sort
Hay una especie de complicidad entre nosotros.There's a sort of complicity between us.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(hearsay)
a. rumor
Corrió la especie de que se habían casado en secreto.There was a rumor that they had secretly married.
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tipo(
tee
-
poh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (class)
a. type
El tipo de cebo que necesitas depende del tipo de pez que quieras pescar.The type of bait you need depends on the type of fish you want to catch.
b. kind
Ese es el tipo de cosa que diría mi mamá.That's the kind of thing my mom would say.
c. sort
Otras empresas hicieron anuncios del mismo tipo.Other companies did the same sort of ads.
2. (economics)
a. rate
Se espera que se reducirá el tipo de cambio del dólar con el peso.The dollar exchange rate against the peso is expected to decline.
3. (physique)
a. figure
Megan ha mantenido un buen tipo aún después de tener dos hijos.Megan has kept a nice figure even after having two children.
b. build
Gerard mantiene su buen tipo yendo al gimnasio cinco días por semana.Gerard keeps his nice build by going to the gym five days a week.
4. (typography)
a. font
Mi maestra exige que todos los trabajos sean en letra tipo Arial.My teacher requires all assignments to be written in Arial font.
5. (zoology)
a. type
¿Sabe qué tipo de perezoso es el que está en el árbol?Do you know what type of sloth that is in the tree?
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(person)
a. guy (masculine)
Un tipo en el metro estaba tocando el violín hoy.Some guy in the subway was playing a violin today.
b. dude
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Viste los tipos con los sombrerotes?Did you see those dudes with the big hats?
c. chick
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(feminine)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Conoces a esa tipa que te está saludando?Do you know that chick who is saying hi to you?
d. bloke
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine) (United Kingdom)
Es un tipo desgraciado, amigo.He's a dirty bloke, mate.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (similar to)
a. type
Cómprame algunas de esas galletas tipo samoa.Buy me some of those samoa-type cookies.
8. (representative)
a. typical
El joven profesional tipo alquila apartamento en vez de comprar casa.The typical young professional rents an apartment rather than buy a home.
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