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Quick answer
"Espalda" is a noun which is often translated as "back", and "dorso" is a noun which is also often translated as "back". Learn more about the difference between "espalda" and "dorso" below.
espalda(
ehs
-
pahl
-
dah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (anatomy)
a. back
Me lastimé la espalda moviendo un mueble pesado.I hurt my back moving heavy furniture.
2. (sports)
a. backstroke
Mi vecino es campeón de espalda y de estilo libre.My neighbor is a backstroke and freestyle champion.
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dorso(
dohr
-
soh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (reverse)
a. back
El nombre del remitente está en el dorso de la carta.The name of the sender appears on the back of the envelope.
2. (sports)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. backstroke
Nado crol muy bien, pero no puedo nadar de dorso.I'm good at swimming the front crawl, but I can't swim backstroke.
3. (anatomy)
a. back
Una corneja se posó sobre el dorso del caballo y le arrancó algunos pelos.A jackdaw landed on the horse's back and plucked some strands of hair.
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