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Quick answer
"Español" is a noun which is often translated as "Spanish", and "castellano" is a noun which is often translated as "Castilian". Learn more about the difference between "español" and "castellano" below.
español(
ehs
-
pah
-
nyohl
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (language)
a. Spanish
El español se habla en muchos países a través de cuatro continentes.Spanish is spoken in many countries across four continents.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (nationality)
a. Spaniard
A muchos españoles les encanta el fútbol.Many Spaniards love soccer.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (of Spanish origin)
a. Spanish
No me gusta el cine español.I'm not fond of Spanish films.
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castellano(
kahs
-
teh
-
yah
-
noh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (language)
a. Castilian
Todd empezó a estudiar castellano en México.Todd started studying Castilian in Mexico.
b. Spanish
¿Hablas castellano?Do you speak Spanish?
2. (nationality)
a. Castilian
Mi amigo gallego es español, pero no es castellano.My Galician friend is Spanish, but he's not Castilian.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
3. (of Castilian origin)
a. Castilian
En el español castellano, la "c" y la "s" no se pronuncian de igual manera.In Castilian Spanish, the letters "s" and "c" aren't pronounced the same way.
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