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"Espíritu" is a noun which is often translated as "spirit", and "fantasma" is a noun which is often translated as "ghost". Learn more about the difference between "espíritu" and "fantasma" below.
espíritu(
ehs
-
pee
-
ree
-
too
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (religious)
a. spirit
El espíritu de tu madre siempre te acompañará a todas partes.Your mother's spirit will be always with you wherever you go.
2. (phantom)
a. ghost
Marina afirma que en su casa viven espíritus.Marina states that there are ghosts living in her house.
b. spirit
La médium aseguró que el espíritu de su abuela había permanecido en la casa.The medium assured that the spirit of their grandmother had remained in the house.
3. (attitude)
a. mind
Hay que afrontar los problemas nuevos con un espíritu abierto.You have to face new problems with an open mind.
b. spirit
Me da igual perder, no tengo un gran espíritu competitivo.I don't mind losing; I don't have a great competitive spirit.
4. (behavior)
a. spirit
Este niño tiene espíritu de escritor, ¡qué imaginación!This child has the spirit of a writer; he has such an imagination!
5. (nature)
a. spirit
Buena parte del espíritu de los ochenta eran los excesos y las fiestas locas.A good part of the spirit of the eighties was the excess and crazy parties.
6. (mood)
a. spirits
Mi amiga consiguió levantarme el espíritu con sus sabios consejos.My friend achieved to lift my spirits with her wise advices.
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fantasma(
fahn
-
tahs
-
mah
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (apparition)
a. ghost
El fantasma estaba vestido como un soldado.The ghost was dressed like a soldier.
Se dice que el fantasma de la reina todavía ronda el castillo.They say that the queen's ghost still haunts the castle.
b. phantom
Temblaba de miedo y juraba que había visto un fantasma en la puerta.She was trembling with fear and swore she had seen a phantom by the door.
2. (threat)
a. specter
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Los fantasmas de su pasado atormentan su presente.The specters of her past haunt her present.
b. spectre (United Kingdom)
El fantasma de la guerra sigue presente en las calles de la ciudad.The spectre of war is still present in the streets of the city.
3. (television)
a. ghost
Si empiezas a ver fantasmas en la pantalla, mueve un poco la antena.If you start seeing ghosts on the screen, just move the antenna a bit.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
4.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(boaster)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. show-off
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
No te creas ni una palabra de lo que dice ese fantasma.Don't believe a word that show-off says.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (related to apparitions)
a. ghost
Cuenta la leyenda que un buque fantasma se aparece en noches de niebla.According to the legend, a ghost ship appears on foggy nights.
6. (uninhabited)
a. ghost
Tras el desastre nuclear, se convirtió en una ciudad fantasma.It became a ghost city after the nuclear disaster.
7. (nonexistent)
a. phantom
Los pacientes amputados sufren a menudo de dolor fantasma.Amputees often suffer from phantom pain.
b. bogus (company)
Al parecer había creado varias empresas fantasmas para evadir impuestos.It seems he had created several bogus companies to evade taxes.
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