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Quick answer
"Espíritu" is a noun which is often translated as "spirit", and "alma" is a noun which is often translated as "soul". Learn more about the difference between "espíritu" and "alma" below.
espíritu(
ehs
-
pee
-
ree
-
too
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (religious)
a. spirit
El espíritu de tu madre siempre te acompañará a todas partes.Your mother's spirit will be always with you wherever you go.
2. (phantom)
a. ghost
Marina afirma que en su casa viven espíritus.Marina states that there are ghosts living in her house.
b. spirit
La médium aseguró que el espíritu de su abuela había permanecido en la casa.The medium assured that the spirit of their grandmother had remained in the house.
3. (attitude)
a. mind
Hay que afrontar los problemas nuevos con un espíritu abierto.You have to face new problems with an open mind.
b. spirit
Me da igual perder, no tengo un gran espíritu competitivo.I don't mind losing; I don't have a great competitive spirit.
4. (behavior)
a. spirit
Este niño tiene espíritu de escritor, ¡qué imaginación!This child has the spirit of a writer; he has such an imagination!
5. (nature)
a. spirit
Buena parte del espíritu de los ochenta eran los excesos y las fiestas locas.A good part of the spirit of the eighties was the excess and crazy parties.
6. (mood)
a. spirits
Mi amiga consiguió levantarme el espíritu con sus sabios consejos.My friend achieved to lift my spirits with her wise advices.
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alma(
ahl
-
mah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (spirit)
a. soul
Siento en mi propia alma que deberíamos estar juntos.I feel it in my soul that we should be together.
Dicen que los vampiros no tienen alma.They say vampires have no soul.
2. (enthusiasm)
a. heart
Te amo desde lo más profundo de mi alma.I love you from the bottom of my heart.
3. (person)
a. soul
Durante un huracán, no hay ni un alma afuera.During a hurricane, there isn't a soul outside.
4. (fun person)
a. life and soul
Carlos siempre es el alma de la fiesta.Carlos is always the life and soul of the party.
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