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Quick answer
"Eso" is a pronoun which is often translated as "that", and "esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this". Learn more about the difference between "eso" and "esta" below.
eso(
eh
-
soh
)
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
1. (demonstrative)
a. that
Eso fue lo que me dijo.That's what he told me.
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esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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