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Quick answer
"Ese" is an adjective which is often translated as "that", and "esta" is an adjective which is often translated as "this". Learn more about the difference between "ese" and "esta" below.
ese(
eh
-
seh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (demonstrative)
a. that (masculine singular)
Ese coche es el que más me gusta.That car is the one I like best.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (demonstrative)
a. that one (masculine singular)
Eligió ese, el que está más cerca.She chose that one, the nearest one.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
3. (letter)
a. s
"Hacer" no se escribe con ese."Hacer" isn't spelt with an "s."
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esta(
ehs
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta silla está rota. Siéntate mejor en esa.This chair is broken. You'd better sit on that one.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (feminine demonstrative)
a. this
Esta es la casa con la que siempre soñé.This is the house I always dreamed of.
b. this one
No me gustó esa novela. En cambio, esta me encantó.I didn't like that novel. On the other hand, I loved this one.
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