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Quick answer
"Esdrújula" is an adjective which is often translated as "stressed on the third-to-last syllable", and "sobresdrújula" is a noun which is often translated as "word stressed on the fourth last or further syllable". Learn more about the difference between "esdrújula" and "sobresdrújula" below.
esdrújula(
ehs
-
droo
-
hoo
-
lah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (phonetics)
a. stressed on the third-to-last syllable
La palabra "régimen" es una palabra esdrújula.The word "régimen" is another word stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
b. with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
"Ábaco" y "sábado" son palabras esdrújulas."Ábaco" and "sábado" are words with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
La palabra "círculo" en español es esdrújula.The Spanish word "círculo" is proparoxytone.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
2. (phonetics)
a. word stressed on the third-to-last syllable
¿Sabías que la palabra "esdrújula" quiere decir y es una esdrújula?Did you know that the word "esdrújula" both means and is a word stressed on the third-to-last syllable?
En español, las esdrújulas llevan acento escrito.In Spanish, words stressed on the third-to-last syllable are written with an accent.
b. word with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Me equivoqué al escribir una esdrújula.I made a mistake when writing a word with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
Las esdrújulas en español siempre se escriben con tilde.Proparoxytones in Spanish are always written with an accent.
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sobresdrújula
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (grammar)
a. word stressed on the fourth last or further syllable
La palabra en español "técnicamente" es un ejemplo de una sobresdrújula.The Spanish word "técnicamente" is an example of a word stressed on the fourth last or further syllable.
b. word stressed on the preantepenultimate or further syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Por favor escriban diez esdrújulas y diez sobresdrújulas.Please write down ten words stressed on the antepenultimate syllable, and ten words stressed on the preantepenultimate or further syllable.
c. over-proparoxytone
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
Todas las sobresdrújulas, excepto algunos adverbios terminados en "-mente", llevan acento gráfico.All over-proparoxytones, except for some adverbs ending in "-mente", take an accent.
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