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Quick answer
"Esdrújula" is an adjective which is often translated as "stressed on the third-to-last syllable", and "grave" is an adjective which is often translated as "serious". Learn more about the difference between "esdrújula" and "grave" below.
esdrújula(
ehs
-
droo
-
hoo
-
lah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (phonetics)
a. stressed on the third-to-last syllable
La palabra "régimen" es una palabra esdrújula.The word "régimen" is another word stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
b. with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
"Ábaco" y "sábado" son palabras esdrújulas."Ábaco" and "sábado" are words with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
La palabra "círculo" en español es esdrújula.The Spanish word "círculo" is proparoxytone.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
2. (phonetics)
a. word stressed on the third-to-last syllable
¿Sabías que la palabra "esdrújula" quiere decir y es una esdrújula?Did you know that the word "esdrújula" both means and is a word stressed on the third-to-last syllable?
En español, las esdrújulas llevan acento escrito.In Spanish, words stressed on the third-to-last syllable are written with an accent.
b. word with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
Me equivoqué al escribir una esdrújula.I made a mistake when writing a word with the stress on the antepenultimate syllable.
c. proparoxytone
A word or phrase that is only used by experts, professionals, or academics in a particular field (e.g. exposition).
(technical)
Las esdrújulas en español siempre se escriben con tilde.Proparoxytones in Spanish are always written with an accent.
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grave(
grah
-
beh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (critical)
a. serious
Nos enfrentamos a una situación grave que requiere cambios estructurales profundos.We are facing a serious situation that requires profound structural changes.
b. grave
Cometió un error muy grave pero supo rectificar a tiempo.He made a very grave mistake but was able to rectify it in time.
2. (very sick)
a. seriously ill
Los medios de comunicación han informado de que está grave.The media has reported him as being seriously ill.
3. (solemn)
a. grave
Me informó de su dimisión con expresión grave.She informed me of her resignation with a grave expression.
4. (bass)
a. deep (voice)
Tiene una voz grave y aterciopelada.He has a deep and velvety voice.
b. low (note)
Me cuesta llegar a las notas graves.It's hard for me to reach the low notes.
5. (grammar)
a. grave (accent)
El acento grave no existe en el español actual.The grave accent is not used in today's Spanish.
b. stressed on the penultimate syllable (word)
"Casa" es una palabra grave."Casa" is a word that is stressed on the penultimate syllable.
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