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Quick answer
"Escalón" is a noun which is often translated as "step", and "peldaño" is a noun which is also often translated as "step". Learn more about the difference between "escalón" and "peldaño" below.
escalón(
ehs
-
kah
-
lohn
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (stair)
a. step
Los escalones de madera de la escalera crujían cuando los pisaba.The wooden steps of the stairway creaked as I stepped on them.
b. rung (on a ladder)
Los escalones de la escalera de metal que lleva al techo están resbaladizos debido al rocío.The rungs on the metal ladder that leads to the roof are slippery because of the dew.
2.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(rank)
a. stage
El tenista checo avanza otro escalón en el torneo.The Czech tennis player moves to the next stage of the competition.
b. level
En el próximo escalón del torneo de póquer, cada jugador recibe cien mil dólares.In the next level of the poker tournament, each player receives a hundred thousand dollars.
c. stepping stone
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
La residencia es un escalón necesario para convertirse en médico.The residency is a stepping stone to becoming a doctor.
d. echelon (in society or an organization)
Macedo obtuvo un puesto en los escalones más altos de la empresa.Macedo landed a position in the upper echelons of the company.
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peldaño(
pehl
-
dah
-
nyoh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (of a stairway)
a. step
Debes subir veinte peldaños para llegar al rellano de la escalera.You must go up twenty steps to reach the stairway landing.
b. stair
Encontramos el gato durmiendo en el último peldaño.We found the cat sleeping on the last stair.
2. (of a ladder)
a. rung
Ten cuidado al subir por la escalera, el segundo peldaño está suelto.Be careful when going up the ladder; the second rung is loose.
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