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Quick answer
"Esa" is an adjective which is often translated as "that", and "andar" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "to take". Learn more about the difference between "esa" and "andar" below.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (demonstrative)
a. that
Esa película fue la mejor que he visto en mucho tiempo.That movie was the best I've seen in a long time.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (demonstrative)
a. that one
Dame esa de ahí.Give me that one there.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to travel by; used with "en")
a. to take
Yo siempre ando en tren cuando regreso al hogar.I always take the train when returning home.
En el verano ella anda en bicicleta al trabajo.In the summer she takes her bike to work.
2. (to be in a certain state)
a. to go
Mi matrimonio no anda bien.My marriage is not going well.
3. (to operate)
a. to work
La lavadora no anda.The washing machine isn't working.
4. (to travel on foot)
a. to walk
Voy andando al colegio todos los días.I walk to school every day.
5. (to be about)
a. to be around
El costo medio de un sitio web anda por los $2000.The average cost of a website is around $2000.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (movement)
a. gait
Lo conocí de lejos por el andar raro que tiene.I recognized him from a distance by his strange gait.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Qué andar tan raro tienen esos jóvenes!The way those youths walk is really strange!
Se le nota en el andar que tiene mucho dolor.You can tell by the way she walks that she's in a lot of pain.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
7. (to act)
a. to be careful
En ese vecindario tienes que andarte con ojo.You have to be careful in that neighborhood.
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
8. (movement)
a. gait
El jefe entró en nuestra sala con andares decididos y dijo, "Tengo algo importante que comunicarles".The boss entered our room with a determined gait and said, "I have something important to tell you."
b. walk
Alicia tiene los andares de su madre.Alicia has her mother's walk.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Me gusta todo de ti, hasta los andares.I like everything about you, even the way you walk.
El Charlot de Charlie Chaplin tiene unos andares totalmente inconfundibles.The way Charlie Chaplin's tramp walks is completely unmistakeable.
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