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Quick answer
"Es necesario" is a phrase which is often translated as "it's necessary", and "hay que" is a phrase which is often translated as "one must". Learn more about the difference between "es necesario" and "hay que" below.
es necesario(
ehs
 
neh
-
seh
-
sah
-
ryoh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. it's necessary
¿Quieres que pase la noche aquí contigo? - No, no es necesario. Vete a casa, papá.Do you want me to spend the night here with you? - No, it's not necessary. Go home, dad.
b. it's needed
Es necesario un mayor esfuerzo presupuestario para sostener el sistema de salud.A greater budgetary effort is needed to help sustain the health system.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Es necesario que seamos más tolerantes.We should be more tolerant.
Es necesario pagar impuestos para tener buenos servicios públicos.You need to pay taxes to have good public services.
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hay que(
ay
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. one must
Hay que ser valiente de cara al mal.One must be brave in the face of evil.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Hay que llenar la solicitud a mano.The application must be filled out by hand.
Hay que trabajar mucho para ser exitoso.You have to work hard to be successful.
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