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Quick answer
"Es mío" is a phrase which is often translated as "it's mine", and "mía" is an adjective which is often translated as "mine". Learn more about the difference between "es mío" and "mía" below.
es mío(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. it's mine
Ese libro no es tuyo. Es mío.That book isn't yours. It's mine.
b. is mine
Ese vaso es mío. Lo estoy usando.That glass is mine. I'm using it.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (possessive)
a. mine
¿De quién es esta chaqueta? - Es mía.Whose is this jacket? - It's mine.
b. of mine
Me lo dijo una amiga mía.A friend of mine told me.
c. my
Querida mía, no sé qué vamos a hacer.I don't know what we are going to do, my dear.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (possessive)
a. mine
Esta silla es la mía. La tuya es esa otra.This chair is mine. Yours is that one there.
Esta no es mi raqueta; la mía lleva mi nombre escrito.This isn't my racket; mine has my name written on it.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
3. (my opportunity)
a. my chance
"Esta es la mía; ahora le pediré salir", pensé."This is my chance. I'll ask her out now," I thought.
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