"Es la una" is a phrase which is often translated as "it's one o'clock", and "cuarenta" is an adjective which is often translated as "forty". Learn more about the difference between "es la una" and "cuarenta" below.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
La última vez que un proyecto de infraestructura se completó en la ciudad fue en los años cuarenta.The last time a major infrastructure project was completed in the city was in the forties.