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Quick answer
"Es joven" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's young", and "viejo" is an adjective which is often translated as "old". Learn more about the difference between "es joven" and "viejo" below.
es joven(
ehs
 
hoh
-
behn
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (isn't old; third person singular)
a. he's young (masculine)
Luis está muy deprimido desde que Ana lo dejó. - Bueno, es joven y lo superará.Luis has been very down since Ana left him. - Well, he's young and will get over it.
b. she's young (feminine)
¿Conoces ya a la nueva directora? Es muy joven y despierta.Have you met the new manager? She's very young and bright.
c. it's young
¿Cuántos años tendrá ese perro? - Yo creo que es joven, y que no tiene más de dos años.How old might that dog be? - I think it's young, and no more than two years old.
d. is young
Abelardo es demasiado joven para jubilarse.Abelardo is too young to retire.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(aren't old; second person singular)
a. you're young
Es joven para estar casado y con hijos, ¿no? - No, no tanto, tengo ya 30 años.You're young for being married and with children, aren't you? - No, not really. I'm 30 now.
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viejo(
byeh
-
hoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (elderly)
a. old
Era viejo, pero probablemente no tan viejo como aparentaba.He was old, but probably not as old as he looked.
2. (not new)
a. old
¿Debería quedarme con mi coche viejo o comprarme uno nuevo?Should I keep my old car or buy a new one?
3. (worn out)
a. old
Llevo una camisa muy vieja llena de agujeros.I'm wearing a very old shirt full of holes.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
4. (old person)
a. old man (masculine)
Es un viejo, pero también un pescador experimentado.He is an old man as well as an experienced fisherman.
b. old woman (feminine)
Hay una vieja en una mecedora.There is an old woman in a rocking chair.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(friend)
a. pal
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
¿Qué hay de nuevo, viejo?What's up, pal?
b. buddy
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Qué haces por aquí, viejo?What are you doing around here, buddy?
c. mate
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(United Kingdom)
¡Hola, viejo! ¡Mucho tiempo sin verte!Hello, mate! It's been a while!
6.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(mother or father)
a. dad
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine)
Mi viejo no me para de fastidiar.My dad won't stop nagging me.
b. mom
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(feminine)
Vivo con mi vieja y mi hermana en Inglaterra.I live with my mom and my sister in England.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(spouse)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. old man
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(masculine)
Mi viejo trabaja doce horas, así que no llega a casa hasta pasadas las siete.My old man works twelve-hour day shifts so he doesn't get home until after seven.
b. old lady
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(feminine)
Mi vieja y yo estamos buscando un sitio mejor para vivir.My old lady and I are trying to find a better place to live.
viejos
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
8. (senior citizens)
a. old people
Los cambios que quiere implementar el gobierno beneficiarán a los viejos.The changes the government wants to bring in will benefit old people.
b. the elderly
Nuestra sociedad debería respetar más a los viejos.Our society should have more respect for the elderly.
9. (mother and father)
a. parents
A mis viejos no les interesa tener un teléfono inteligente.My parents aren't interested in having a smartphone.
b. folks
Sus viejos no piensan ir a la boda porque les queda muy lejos.Her folks aren't planning to go to the wedding because it's too far for them.
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