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Quick answer
"Es grande" is a phrase which is often translated as "it's big", and "pequeño" is an adjective which is often translated as "small". Learn more about the difference between "es grande" and "pequeño" below.
es grande(
ehs
 
grahn
-
deh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (third person singular)
a. it's big
¿Cómo es la casa? - Es grande y tiene muchos cuartos.What is the house like? - It's big and it has many rooms.
b. he's big
Pablo no se parece en nada a su hermano. Es grande y mucho más moreno.Pablo doesn't look like his brother at all. He's big and much darker.
c. she's big
¿Su novia es gorda? - Bueno, yo diría más bien que es grande y fuerte.Is his girlfriend fat? - Well, I'd rather say that she's big and strong.
d. is big
La piscina es grande y tiene un césped alrededor.The swimming-pool is big and it's surrounded by a lawn.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you're big
No sé de qué se queja usted. Es grande, pero está bien proporcionado.I don't know what you're complaining about. You're big but well proportioned.
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pequeño(
peh
-
keh
-
nyoh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (short in size)
a. small
Tengo dos perros: uno pequeño y uno grande.I have two dogs: a small one and a big one.
b. little
El actor famoso es de un pueblo pequeño en las montañas.The famous actor is from a little town in the mountains.
2. (young)
a. little
De pequeña, me encantaba jugar al escondite.When I was little, I loved playing hide and seek.
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