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Quick answer
"Es decir" is a phrase which is often translated as "that is to say", and "que" is a conjunction which is often translated as "that". Learn more about the difference between "es decir" and "que" below.
es decir(
ehs
 
deh
-
seer
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (another way to say)
a. that is to say
La piscina está contaminada, es decir, ¡no te bañes en ella!The swimming pool is contaminated; that is to say, don't swim in it!
b. that is
No tienes que venir, es decir, si no quieres.You don't have to come, that is, if you don't want to.
c. in other words
Me queda un montón de tarea para hacer, es decir, no puedo acompañarte al cine.I still have a ton of homework to do; in other words, I can't go with you to the movies.
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que(
keh
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. that
Tenga en cuenta que algunas de estas características son diferentes.Note that some of these characteristics are different.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to define the subject)
a. who (person)
El hombre que le salvó la vida a mi bebé está aquí.The man who saved my baby's life is here.
b. which (thing)
El libro que más ha influido en mí es este.The book which has had the greatest influence on me is this one.
c. that (thing)
El pastel que me encanta es el de chocolate.The cake that I love is chocolate cake.
3. (used to define the object)
a. who (person)
Vi a la mujer que trabaja en el spa.I saw the woman who works in the spa.
b. which (thing)
¡Enséñame el vestido que llevaste en la fiesta!Show me the dress which you wore to the party!
c. that (thing)
Ese es el teléfono que yo quiero.That's the phone that I want.
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