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Quick answer
"Es alto" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's tall", and "negro" is an adjective which is often translated as "black". Learn more about the difference between "es alto" and "negro" below.
es alto(
ehs
 
ahl
-
toh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (third person singular)
a. he's tall
Es alto y guapo, y también inteligente y simpático.He's tall and handsome, and also intelligent and funny.
b. it's tall
Es alto y moderno, y está ubicado en el centro de la ciudad.It's tall and modern, and it's located in the city center.
c. is tall
El Sr. Pérez es alto y muy gordo.Mr. Perez is tall and very fat.
d. it's high
Es alto en azúcar, no deberías comerlo tan seguido.It's high in sugar, you shouldn't eat it so often
e. is high
El volcán es alto e imponente, pero está inactivo.The volcano is high and impressive, but it's dormant.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you're tall
Es usted más alto de lo que imaginé.You're taller than I imagined.
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negro
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (color)
a. black
¿Prefieres el vestido rojo o el negro?Do you prefer the red dress or the black dress?
b. dark (eyes)
Tiene unos ojos negros de impresión.He has striking dark eyes.
2. (skin color)
a. black
Mi padre es blanco y mi madre es negra.My father is white and my mother is black.
3. (bronzed)
a. tanned
Pasó dos días en la playa y volvió completamente negra.She spent two days at the seaside and was completely tanned on her return.
4. (pessimistic)
a. gloomy
Tiene una visión muy negra de la vida.She takes a very gloomy view of life.
5.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(cross)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¡Estoy negro de esperar!I'll have enough of waiting!
¡Me pone negra que la gente sea tan maleducada!It drives me crazy when people are so rude!
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
6. (color)
a. black
El negro pega con todo.Black suits everything.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
7. (person)
a. black person
Muchos negros de los Estados Unidos emigraron a Liberia en el siglo XIX.Many black people in the United States emigrated to Liberia in the 19th century.
8. (writer)
a. ghostwriter
Contrató a un negro para que escribiera sus memorias.He hired a ghostwriter to write his memoirs.
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