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Quick answer
"Es alto" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's tall", and "moreno" is an adjective which is often translated as "dark-skinned". Learn more about the difference between "es alto" and "moreno" below.
es alto(
ehs
 
ahl
-
toh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (third person singular)
a. he's tall
Es alto y guapo, y también inteligente y simpático.He's tall and handsome, and also intelligent and funny.
b. it's tall
Es alto y moderno, y está ubicado en el centro de la ciudad.It's tall and modern, and it's located in the city center.
c. is tall
El Sr. Pérez es alto y muy gordo.Mr. Perez is tall and very fat.
d. it's high
Es alto en azúcar, no deberías comerlo tan seguido.It's high in sugar, you shouldn't eat it so often
e. is high
El volcán es alto e imponente, pero está inactivo.The volcano is high and impressive, but it's dormant.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(second person singular)
a. you're tall
Es usted más alto de lo que imaginé.You're taller than I imagined.
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moreno(
moh
-
reh
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (skin)
a. dark-skinned
Mis hermanos son morenos.My brothers are dark-skinned.
b. dark
Este color de pintalabios es ideal para mujeres con piel morena.This lipstick color is perfect for women with dark skin.
2. (hair)
a. dark-haired
Mi hija es morena y mi hijo es rubio.My daughter is dark-haired and my son is blonde.
b. dark
Me gustan los chicos con pelo moreno y ojos azules.I like boys with dark hair and blue eyes.
3. (culinary)
a. brown (sugar or bread)
Esta receta lleva azúcar morena.This recipe uses brown sugar.
4. (skin after sun exposure)
a. tanned
¿Viste qué morena está Pilar?Have you seen how tanned Pilar is?
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¿Cómo haces para ponerte tan moreno?How do you get so brown?
Me puse morena después de un par de días en la playa.I got a tan after two days at the beach.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
5. (person with dark skin)
a. dark-skinned person
Ese color le va muy bien a los morenos.That color suits dark-skinned people.
6. (person with dark hair)
a. dark-haired person
El moreno que está ahí es mi papá.That dark-haired man over there is my dad.
b. brunette (feminine)
A Hugo le gustan las morenas.Hugo likes brunettes.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
7. (tanned skin)
a. tan
¿Qué puedo hacer para mantener el moreno por más tiempo?What can I do to make my tan last longer?
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