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Quick answer
"Eres soltera" is a phrase which is often translated as "you're single", and "casado" is an adjective which is often translated as "married". Learn more about the difference between "eres soltera" and "casado" below.
eres soltera(
eh
-
rehs
 
sohl
-
teh
-
rah
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(in statements; singular)
a. you're single
Eres soltera, ¿verdad? ¿Vives sola? - No, vivo con mi hermana.You're single, aren't you? Do you live on your own? - No, I live with my sister.
2.
A word of phrase used to refer to the second person informal “tú” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. How are you?).
(informal)
(in questions; singular)
a. are you single
¿Eres soltera o estás casada? - Estoy divorciada.Are you single or are you married? - I'm divorced.
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casado(
kah
-
sah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (wed)
a. married
Mi primo está casado con una actriz famosa.My cousin is married to a famous actress.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (married person)
a. married man (masculine)
Oí que Blanca está saliendo con un casado.I heard Blanca's dating a married man.
b. married woman (feminine)
Hay más casadas que solteras en la oficina.There are more married women than single women in the office.
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