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Quick answer
"Eres casado" is an adjective which is often translated as "you're married", and "soltera" is a noun which is often translated as "single woman". Learn more about the difference between "eres casado" and "soltera" below.
eres casado(
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. you're married
Sé que eres casado. ¿Por qué no tienes puesto la alianza?I know that you're married. Why are you not wearing your wedding ring?
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A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (not married woman)
a. single woman
La soltera que está en la barra te quiere invitar a un trago.The single woman at the bar wants to buy you a drink.
b. unmarried woman
Mi hermana divorciada no se acostumbra a la vida de soltera.My divorced sister isn't getting used to the life of an unmarried woman.
c. spinster
Una dama de honor que se tropieza yendo al altar se quedará soltera para siempre.A bridesmaid who trips while going down the aisle will be a spinster forever.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (not married)
a. single
Te tengo que presentar a mi amiga soltera Aurora.I have to introduce you to my single friend, Aurora.
b. unmarried
Estar soltera y embarazada en el siglo XIX se consideraba una gran desgracia para la familia.To be unmarried and pregnant in the 19th century was considered to be a great disgrace to the family.
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