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Quick answer
"Era" is a noun which is often translated as "era", and "ha estado" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's been". Learn more about the difference between "era" and "ha estado" below.
era(
eh
-
rah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (period of time)
a. era
La revolución pacífica de 1989 parecía el comienzo de una nueva era.The peaceful revolution of 1989 seemed the dawn of a new era.
b. age
Con el cabo de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, entramos a una nueva era. With the end of the Second World War, we entered a new age.
2. (agriculture)
a. threshing floor
Limpió la era y llevó el grano al granero.He cleaned up the threshing floor and took the grain into the barn.
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ha estado(
ah
 
ehs
-
tah
-
doh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to talk about states)
a. he's been (masculine)
Ha estado triste desde que cortó con la noviaHe's been sad ever since he broke up with his girlfriend.
b. she's been (feminine)
¿Tienes noticias de Anamaría? - Ha estado enferma toda la semana.Any news about Anamaria? - She's been ill all week.
c. it's been
La casa está muy deteriorada. Ha estado abandonada muchos años.The house is run down. It's been abandoned for many years.
2.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to talk about states; singular)
a. you've been
Si usted ha estado deprimido antes, no tome este medicamento.If you've been depressed before, don't take this medicine.
3. (used to talk about visited places)
a. he's been (masculine)
Pídele a Juan que te recomiende un hotel: ha estado varias veces en París.Ask Juan to recommend you a hotel. He's been to Paris several times
b. she's been (feminine)
Ha estado en varios países del sudeste asiático.She's been to several countries in Southeast Asia.
4.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(formal)
(used to talk about visited places; singular)
a. you've been
Según su pasaporte, usted ha estado en Marruecos.According to your passport, you've been to Morocco.
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