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Quick answer
"Entonces" is an adverb which is often translated as "then", and "pues" is a conjunction which is also often translated as "then". Learn more about the difference between "entonces" and "pues" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (introducing a conclusion)
a. then
Si ellos están aquí, entonces, ¿quién está en casa?If they're here, then who's at home?
2. (at that time)
a. then
Éramos muy felices entonces.We were very happy then.
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A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (indicating a solution)
a. then
Estoy cansado. - Pues vete a dormir.I am tired. - Go to sleep then.
No sé que decirte, pues. I don't know what to tell you, then.
2. (emphatic)
a. well
Pues ve acostumbrándote.Well, get used to it.
3. (indicating cause)
a. since
No podía jugar, pues tenía que limpiar su habitación.She couldn't play since she had to clean her room.
b. because
No puedo venir a la fiesta, pues tengo que hacer muchos deberes. I can't come to the party because I have lots of homework to do.
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