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Quick answer
"Entonces" is an adverb which is often translated as "then", and "por lo tanto" is a phrase which is often translated as "therefore". Learn more about the difference between "entonces" and "por lo tanto" below.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (introducing a conclusion)
a. then
Si ellos están aquí, entonces, ¿quién está en casa?If they're here, then who's at home?
2. (at that time)
a. then
Éramos muy felices entonces.We were very happy then.
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por lo tanto(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (for that reason)
a. therefore
Has incurrido en una infracción, por lo tanto vas a la cárcel. You have broken the law; therefore, you are going to prison.
b. so
Te trato con respeto, por lo tanto espero que hagas lo mismo por mí.I treat you with respect, so I expect you to do the same for me.
c. thus (formal)
Firmó un contrato con nosotros, por lo tanto esperamos que cumpla con sus obligaciones.You signed a contract with us, thus we expect you to honor your obligations.
d. hence (formal)
Su rival político amenazó con ir a la prensa, por lo tanto se retiró de la carrera.His political rival threatened to go to the media, hence he withdrew from the race.
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