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Quick answer
"Enfermo" is an adjective which is often translated as "sick", and "sano" is an adjective which is often translated as "healthy". Learn more about the difference between "enfermo" and "sano" below.
enfermo(
ehm
-
fehr
-
moh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unhealthy)
a. sick
Todos en la oficina estamos enfermos de gripa.Everybody at the office is sick with the flu.
b. ill
Luis se fue a su casa porque está enfermo.Luis went home because he's ill.
c. unwell
El director está enfermo desde el lunes y no pudo hacer el viaje.The director has been unwell since Monday and couldn't make the trip.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (sick person)
a. sick person
Un grupo de voluntarios de la escuela va a visitar a los enfermos del hospital de la zona.A group of volunteers from our school visits sick people at the local hospital.
b. patient
Ya no quedan enfermos de ébola en este hospital.There aren't any Ebola patients left in this hospital.
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sano(
sah
-
noh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (healthful)
a. healthy
No me parece sano desayunar pizza sobrante todos los días.I don't think it's healthy to eat leftover pizza for breakfast every day.
Vivimos una vida muy sana.We live a very healthy life.
2. (with values)
a. wholesome
Ella necesita un hombre sano que la trate bien.She needs a wholesome man who treats her well.
3. (undamaged)
a. intact
El ladrón no dejó ni un mueble sano.The robber didn't leave one piece of furniture intact.
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