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Quick answer
"Enfermedad" is a noun which is often translated as "illness", and "tratamiento" is a noun which is often translated as "treatment". Learn more about the difference between "enfermedad" and "tratamiento" below.
enfermedad(
ehm
-
fehr
-
meh
-
dahd
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (medical condition)
a. illness
La enfermedad de mi tío no le permite salir al sol.My uncle's illness doesn't allow him to go out in the sun.
b. disease
El cáncer de mama es una enfermedad que afecta principalmente a las mujeres.Breast cancer is a disease that mainly affects women.
c. sickness
La enfermedad del sueño es transmitida por las moscas.Sleeping sickness is transmitted by flies.
2. (social malady)
a. disease
La corrupción es una enfermedad propagada por la deshonestidad y la indiferencia.Corruption is a disease propagated through dishonesty and indifference.
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tratamiento(
trah
-
tah
-
myehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (medicine)
a. treatment
El tratamiento aliviará los síntomas de la alergia, pero no la curará.The treatment will relieve the allergy symptoms, but it won't cure it.
2. (process)
a. treatment
El café descafeinado es sometido a un tratamiento que elimina su cafeína.Decaffeinated coffee undergoes a treatment to remove its caffeine.
3. (computing)
a. processing
Puedes editar fotografías con un programa de tratamiento de imágenes.You can edit pictures with an image processing software.
4. (behavior)
a. treatment
El tratamiento que recibimos del personal del hotel fue excelente.The treatment we received from the hotel staff was excellent.
5. (handling)
a. treatment
En su ensayo, el tema recibe un tratamiento muy teórico.The topic receives a very theoretical treatment in his essay.
6. (designation)
a. title
El pueblo debe darle el tratamiento de "Majestad".The people must call her by the title of "Her Majesty."
b. form of address
Un príncipe recibe el tratamiento de "Alteza Real".The form of address for a prince is "His Royal Highness."
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