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Quick answer
"Enfermedad" is a noun which is often translated as "illness", and "dolencia" is a noun which is often translated as "ailment". Learn more about the difference between "enfermedad" and "dolencia" below.
enfermedad(
ehm
-
fehr
-
meh
-
dahd
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (medical condition)
a. illness
La enfermedad de mi tío no le permite salir al sol.My uncle's illness doesn't allow him to go out in the sun.
b. disease
El cáncer de mama es una enfermedad que afecta principalmente a las mujeres.Breast cancer is a disease that mainly affects women.
c. sickness
La enfermedad del sueño es transmitida por las moscas.Sleeping sickness is transmitted by flies.
2. (social malady)
a. disease
La corrupción es una enfermedad propagada por la deshonestidad y la indiferencia.Corruption is a disease propagated through dishonesty and indifference.
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dolencia(
doh
-
lehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (sickness)
a. ailment
El médico le prescribió un antiinflamatorio para la dolencia que la afecta.The doctor prescribed an anti-inflammatory drug for the ailment that's troubling her.
b. complaint
Marcos tiene una dolencia estomacal que causa nauseas y vómito.Marcos has a stomach complaint that causes nausea and vomit.
c. illness
Leí que el té de jengibre es muy bueno para tratar las dolencias del hígado.I read that ginger root tea is very good for treating liver illnesses.
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