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Quick answer
"Enfermo" is an adjective which is often translated as "sick", and "cansado" is an adjective which is often translated as "tired". Learn more about the difference between "enfermo" and "cansado" below.
enfermo(
ehm
-
fehr
-
moh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (unhealthy)
a. sick
Todos en la oficina estamos enfermos de gripa.Everybody at the office is sick with the flu.
b. ill
Luis se fue a su casa porque está enfermo.Luis went home because he's ill.
c. unwell
El director está enfermo desde el lunes y no pudo hacer el viaje.The director has been unwell since Monday and couldn't make the trip.
This means that the noun can be masculine or feminine, depending on the gender of person it refers to (e.g. el doctor, la doctora).
2. (sick person)
a. sick person
Un grupo de voluntarios de la escuela va a visitar a los enfermos del hospital de la zona.A group of volunteers from our school visits sick people at the local hospital.
b. patient
Ya no quedan enfermos de ébola en este hospital.There aren't any Ebola patients left in this hospital.
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cansado(
kahn
-
sah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (needing rest)
a. tired
Estaba tan cansada que me acosté sin cenar.I was so tired that I went straight to bed without dinner.
b. beat
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Después de trabajar 12 horas seguidas en el restaurante, Alan llegó a casa cansado.After working at the restaurant 12 hours straight, Alan came home beat.
2. (fed up)
a. tired
Ya está cansado de aguantar a su suegra.He is tired of putting up with his mother-in-law.
3. (exhausting)
a. tiring
Ayudar a alguien con depresión puede ser muy cansado.Helping someone with depression can be very tiring.
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