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Quick answer
"Energía" is a noun which is often translated as "energy", and "potencia" is a noun which is often translated as "power". Learn more about the difference between "energía" and "potencia" below.
energía(
eh
-
nehr
-
hee
-
ah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (physics)
a. energy
Es importante que la ciudad haga una investigación de alternativas para la energía limpia.It's important that the city research alternatives for clean energy.
2. (vitality)
a. energy
Antes Jaime estaba lleno de energía y desde que ha sido padre, siempre está cansado.Jaime used to be full of energy, but since he became a father, he is always tired.
b. vigor
Tras la carrera, David levantó orgulloso el trofeo con gran energía.After the race, David proudly lifted the trophy with great vigor.
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potencia(
poh
-
tehn
-
syah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (capability)
a. power
Carlos está entrenando duro para desarrollar la potencia de sus piernas, y así poder levantar más peso.Carlos is training hard to develop his leg power and be able to lift greater weights.
b. strength
El comandante no conocía el tamaño ni la potencia de las fuerzas enemigas.The commander did not know the size or strength of the enemy forces.
c. prowess
Muchas personas creen que comer ostras aumenta la potencia sexual.Many people believe that eating oysters increases sexual prowess.
d. potency
La potencia de un fármaco es la dosis necesaria para producir una respuesta dada en un individuo.The potency of a drug is the dose needed to produce a certain defined response in an individual.
2. (powerful nation)
a. power
Los Estados Unidos, Alemania y la China son consideradas las tres mayores potencias en el mundo hoy día.The United States, Germany and China are considered the world's top three great powers today.
3. (physics)
a. power
El alternador transforma la potencia mecánica del motor en potencia eléctrica.The alternator converts the mechanical power of the motor into electrical power.
4. (mathematics)
a. power
Dos elevado a la quinta potencia es igual a 32.Two raised to the fifth power equals 32.
5. (philosophy)
a. faculty
La razón y la voluntad son potencias superiores del espíritu humano.Reasoning and will power are among the higher faculties of the human spirit.
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