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Quick answer
"Encinta" is an adjective which is often translated as "pregnant", and "preñado" is a noun which is often translated as "pregnancy". Learn more about the difference between "encinta" and "preñado" below.
encinta(
ehn
-
seen
-
tah
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. pregnant
El obstetra confirmó que quedé encinta de mellizos.The obstetrician confirmed that I'm pregnant with twins.
b. expecting
¡Voy a ser abuela! Mi hija Renata está encinta.I'm going to become a grandmother! My daughter Renata is expecting.
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preñado
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (gestation)
a. pregnancy
La pareja celebró la noticia del preñado de Ximena.The couple celebrated the news of the Ximena's pregnancy.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (with child)
a. pregnant
La gata está preñada y debe dar a luz en menos de un mes.The cat is pregnant and should give birth in less than a month.
3.
A phrase used as a figure of speech or a word that is symbolic in meaning; metaphorical (e.g. carrot, bean).
(figurative)
(loaded)
a. full
Esas nubes parecen estar preñadas de lluvia.Those clouds seem to be full of rain.
b. pregnant
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
El silencio de los reporteros estaba preñado de interrogantes.The reporters' silence was pregnant with questions.
c. fraught
Me temo que nuestra actual situación está preñada de peligros.I'm afraid our current situation is fraught with danger.
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