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Quick answer
"Encerado" is an adjective which is often translated as "waxed", and "pizarra" is a noun which is often translated as "chalkboard". Learn more about the difference between "encerado" and "pizarra" below.
encerado(
ehn
-
seh
-
rah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (treated with wax)
a. waxed
No es fácil pintar sobre superficies enceradas.Painting over waxed surfaces isn't easy.
b. polished
Entramos a una cocina de baldosas enceradas y relucientes.We walked into a kitchen with shiny, polished floor tiles.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
2. (wax application)
a. waxing
Para que el coche se vea nuevo y reluciente, tienes que hacerle un encerado frecuente.Regular car waxing will keep your car looking gleaming and new.
3. (board)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. chalkboard
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Mientras explicaba, el profesor iba escribiendo en el encerado.As he explained, the teacher wrote on the chalkboard.
b. blackboard (United Kingdom)
Hay que borrar el encerado antes de salir del aula.The blackboard must be erased before you leave the classroom.
4. (protective material)
a. oilcloth
Voy a comprar un encerado para que no se me oxiden las herramientas.I'm going to buy an oilcloth to stop my tools from getting rusty.
5. (covering)
a. wax finish (wood)
Una alternativa para no plastificar el piso de madera es un encerado.A wax finish is an alternative to laminating wood flooring.
b. wax coating (fruit)
El encerado protege a las frutas durante su transporte.Wax coating protects fruit while it's being shipped.
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pizarra(
pee
-
sah
-
rrah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (writing surface)
a. chalkboard
Los especiales del día están en la pizarra que hay fuera del restaurante.The daily specials are on the chalkboard outside the restaurant.
b. blackboard
El profesor escribió en la pizarra con tiza blanca.The teacher wrote on the blackboard with white chalk.
c. board
María, escribe la frase que te voy a dictar en la pizarra, por favor.Maria, write the phrase I'm going to dictate to you on the board, please.
d. whiteboard
¿Alguien tiene rotuladores de borrado en seco para la pizarra?Does anyone have dry erase markers for the whiteboard?
2. (board displaying score)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. scoreboard
La pizarra dice que perdieron el partido 27 a 32.The scoreboard says they lost the game 27 to 32.
3. (mineral)
a. slate
Un techo de pizarra puede durar más de cien años.A roof made of slate can last for more than a hundred years.
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