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Quick answer
"Encarecimiento" is a noun which is often translated as "increase", and "endurecimiento" is a noun which is often translated as "hardening". Learn more about the difference between "encarecimiento" and "endurecimiento" below.
encarecimiento(
ehn
-
kah
-
reh
-
see
-
myehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (general)
a. increase
Los jóvenes no nos podemos permitir comprar una casa por el encarecimiento de los precios.We young people can't afford to buy a house because of the increase in prices.
b. rise
El encarecimiento del precio de los productos básicos afecta especialmente a la clase obrera.The rise in the price of basic goods especially affects the working class.
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endurecimiento(
ehn
-
doo
-
reh
-
see
-
myehn
-
toh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (act of making harder)
a. hardening
El endurecimiento de las arterias se denomina también aterosclerosis.Hardening of the arteries is also known as atherosclerosis.
2. (act of making stronger)
a. strengthening
El fisioterapeuta me dijo que el endurecimiento de los abdominales mejoraría la estabilidad de la columna.The physiotherapist told me that strengthening of my abs would improve the stability of my spine.
3. (act of becoming mentally stronger)
a. toughening-up
El terapeuta ayuda a conseguir el endurecimiento de los pacientes inseguros.The therapist helps to achieve the toughening-up of insecure patients.
4. (act of making stricter)
a. toughening
El endurecimiento de las sanciones a los conductores que consuman alcohol redujo el número de casos.The toughening of fines for drivers who drink alcohol reduced the number of cases.
b. hardening
El incidente llevó al endurecimiento de la actitud de la policía hacia la organización.The incident led to a hardening of the police stance with regard to the organization.
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