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Quick answer
"En tanto que" is a phrase which is often translated as "while", and "subjuntivo" is a noun which is often translated as "subjunctive". Learn more about the difference between "en tanto que" and "subjuntivo" below.
en tanto que(
ehn
 
tahn
-
toh
 
keh
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (during the time that)
a. while
En tanto que tú terminas de cocinar, yo voy poniendo la mesa.I'll set the table while you finish cooking.
2.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(while on the other hand)
a. whereas
Una gran parte de la población mundial padece hambre, en tanto que otra sufre las consecuencias de la sobrealimentación.A large part of the world's population is starving, whereas another suffers the consequences of overeating.
3.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(if)
a. as long as
Las dos partes nunca alcanzarán un acuerdo en tanto que no cambien de actitud.The two parties will never reach an agreement as long as they don't change their attitude.
b. insofar as
En tanto que no desaparezca la ambición ciega, la justicia seguirá siendo una quimera.Insofar as there is blind ambition, justice will remain a pipe dream.
4.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(literary)
(being)
a. as
El Parlamento Europeo, en tanto que órgano legislativo, tiene facultad para promulgar leyes.The European Parliament, as a legislative organ, has the power to enact laws.
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subjuntivo(
soob
-
hoon
-
tee
-
boh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (grammar)
a. subjunctive
El subjuntivo es una forma verbal que les cuesta mucho entender a los extranjeros.The subjunctive is a verbal form that foreigners find very difficult to understand.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
2. (grammar)
a. subjunctive
Recién cuando empecé a estudiar idiomas extranjeros me enteré de la existencia del modo subjuntivo.I only learned of the existence of the subjunctive mood when I began to study foreign languages.
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