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Quick answer
"En la cual" is a phrase which is often translated as "in which", and "por la cual" is a phrase which is often translated as "why". Learn more about the difference between "en la cual" and "por la cual" below.
en la cual(
ehn
 
lah
 
kwahl
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (general)
a. in which
El mayordomo me condujo hasta una habitación en la cual había solo una cama y una silla.The butler led me to a room in which there was just a bed and a chair.
b. at which
Hace una semana, asistimos a una reunión en la cual se trató ese tema.A week ago, we attended a meeting at which that topic was discussed.
c. on which
El centro de la habitación estaba ocupado por una mesa en la cual había un jarrón enorme.The center of the room was taken up by a table on which there was a huge vase.
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por la cual(
pohr
 
lah
 
kwahl
)
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
phrase
1. (used to give a reason)
a. why
El dinamismo de la gente aquí es la razón por la cual me encanta este trabajo.The dynamism of the people here is the reason why I love this job.
b. for which
Aún no sabemos la razón por la cual Bruce fue encarcelado.We don't know the reason for which Bruce was jailed yet.
2. (by means of)
a. by which
El internet es la vía por la cual los miembros del equipo se comunican todos los días.The internet is the means by which the team members communicate with each other every day.
b. through which
La aorta es la arteria por la cual pasa la sangre al resto de las arterias.The aorta is the artery through which the blood gets to the rest of the arteries.
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