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Quick answer
"En caso de que" is a preposition which is often translated as "in the event that", and "siempre que" is a conjunction which is often translated as "whenever". Learn more about the difference between "en caso de que" and "siempre que" below.
en caso de que(
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (if it so happens that)
a. in the event that
En caso de que el vuelo sea cancelado, pueden tomar el siguiente.In the event that your flight is canceled, you can take the following one.
b. in case
Lleva una campera en caso de que refresque.Take a jacket in case it gets colder.
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siempre que(
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (each time that)
a. whenever
Siempre que viene gente a comer en casa, me gusta hacer torta para postre.Whenever we have guests over for dinner, I like to make cake for dessert.
2. (on the condition that)
a. as long as
Hijo, puedes salir con tus amigos siempre que me avises adónde van.Son, you can always go out with your friends as long as you tell me where you are going.
b. provided that
Pueden grabar el concierto siempre que no lo vendan a cambio de dinero.You can record the show provided that you don't sell it for money.
c. providing that
Puedes pasear con tu perro por el parque siempre que le pongas un bozal.You can walk your dog in the park providing that you put a muzzle on him.
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