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Quick answer
"Empinado" is an adjective which is often translated as "steep", and "escarpado" is an adjective which is also often translated as "steep". Learn more about the difference between "empinado" and "escarpado" below.
empinado(
ehm
-
pee
-
nah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (general)
a. steep
La subida a la cima era muy empinada y llegué sudando.The climb to the top was really steep and I was sweating when I got there.
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escarpado(
ehs
-
kahr
-
pah
-
doh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (vertical)
a. steep
La colina es muy escarpada y por eso los montañeros tienen que llevar arneses.The hill is very steep which is why the mountain climbers need to wear harnesses.
b. sheer
A Mario le da miedo subir al acantilado escarpado porque teme caerse.Mario is afraid of going up the sheer cliff because he is afraid of falling.
c. precipitous
La escarpada montaña no es apta para hacer esquí. Sería demasiado peligroso.The precipitous mountain is not suitable for skiing. It would be too dangerous.
2. (rocky)
a. craggy
El terreno era escarpado y yo no llevaba botas así que acabé torciéndome un tobillo.The land was craggy and I was not wearing boots so I ended up twisting my ankle.
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