"Empinado" is an adjective which is often translated as "steep", and "escarpado" is an adjective which is also often translated as "steep". Learn more about the difference between "empinado" and "escarpado" below.
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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
La colina es muy escarpada y por eso los montañeros tienen que llevar arneses.The hill is very steep which is why the mountain climbers need to wear harnesses.
A Mario le da miedo subir al acantilado escarpado porque teme caerse.Mario is afraid of going up the sheer cliff because he is afraid of falling.
La escarpada montaña no es apta para hacer esquí. Sería demasiado peligroso.The precipitous mountain is not suitable for skiing. It would be too dangerous.