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Quick answer
"Empatía" is a noun which is often translated as "empathy", and "simpatía" is a noun which is often translated as "friendliness". Learn more about the difference between "empatía" and "simpatía" below.
empatía(
ehm
-
pah
-
tee
-
ah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (general)
a. empathy
El famoso compositor sintió empatía por el músico callejero y le dio una gran cantidad de dinero.The famous composer felt empathy for the street musician and gave him a great amount of money.
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simpatía(
seem
-
pah
-
tee
-
ah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (friendly nature)
a. friendliness
La simpatía de Nicole hace que todo el mundo se quiera acercar a ella.Nicole's friendliness makes everyone want to be close to her.
b. friendly personality
Alex me cayó bien; es inteligente y tiene mucha simpatía.I really liked Alex; he's smart and has a very friendly personality.
2. (fondness)
a. liking
No tengo especial simpatía a las mascotas, prefiero no tener una.I don't have a special liking for pets, I'd rather not have one.
b. affection
Aunque nos conocemos desde hace poco, le he cogido mucha simpatía a Lucy.Although we've known each other for a short time, I've developed great affection for Lucy.
3. (medicine)
a. sympathy
La inflamación del estómago provocó que los pulmones se irritaran por simpatía.The inflammation of the stomach caused the lungs to be inflamed in sympathy.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
4. (likability)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El secretario de mi oficina es muy eficiente, pero no es que se destaque por su simpatía.My office's secretary is very efficient, but he's not known for being likable.
Tu novia desborda simpatía; ¡con razón estás tan enamorado!Your girlfriend is so nice; no wonder you are so smitten!
simpatías
A plural noun indicates that there is more than one person, place, thing, or idea.
plural noun
5. (politics)
a. sympathies
Miguel expresó sus simpatías por las políticas sociales del nuevo partido.Miguel expressed his sympathies for the social policies of the new party.
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