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Quick answer
"El viernes pasado" is a phrase which is often translated as "last Friday", and "no ir" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "not to go". Learn more about the difference between "el viernes pasado" and "no ir" below.
el viernes pasado(
A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (general)
a. last Friday
El viernes pasado, la pasamos muy bien en tu casa.Last Friday, we had a great time at your place.
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no ir(
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (used to indicate movement)
a. not to go
Hoy no iré a la piscina porque estoy un poco resfriada.I won't go to the swimming pool today because I have a bit of a cold.
2. (not to attend)
a. not to go
María no va a la misma escuela que yo.Maria doesn't go to the same school as me.
3. (used to indicate place)
a. not to go
Las servilletas no van en el segundo cajón, sino en el tercero.The napkins don't go in the second drawer, but in the third one.
4. (used to indicate a result)
a. not to go
A Ernesto no le fue bien el examen y cree que no aprobará.Ernesto's exam didn't go well and he thinks he won't pass.
5. (not to have on)
a. not to wear
No iré a la fiesta con estos zapatos. Me los cambiaré antes de salir.I won't wear these shoes to the party. I'll change them before leaving.
b. not to be dressed in
Carmen no iba de azul como suele, sino de negro.Carmen wasn't dressed in blue as she usually is, but in black.
6. (not to match)
a. not to go
Esa falda no va con esa blusa.That skirt doesn't go with that blouse.
7. (not to function)
a. not to work
La televisión no va. - Es muy vieja, deberíamos comprar otra.The TV isn't working. - It's very old. We should buy a new one.
A pronominal verb phrase combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Se dio cuenta del problema.)
pronominal verb phrase
8. (not to exit a place)
a. not to leave
No se fue de casa temprano, se fue muy tarde.He didn't leave home early. He left very late.
9. (not to disappear)
a. not to go away
Me tomé dos pastillas, pero no se me fue el dolor.I took two pills, but the pain didn't go away.
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