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Quick answer
"Vaso" is a noun which is often translated as "glass", and "vidrio" is a noun which is also often translated as "glass". Learn more about the difference between "vaso" and "vidrio" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (tableware)
a. glass
Toma un vaso del estante si tienes sed.Get a glass from the shelf if you're thirsty.
b. tumbler
Se quedó sentado en su sillón, contemplando su vaso de whisky.He sat in his easy chair, contemplating his tumbler of whiskey.
c. cup
Recuérdame de comprar vasos de papel para la fiesta de Luisita.Remind me to buy paper cups for Luisita's party.
2. (container)
a. vase
Puso la rosa que le regaló para su aniversario en el vaso de la mesa.She put the rose he gave her for their anniversary in the vase on the table.
3. (amount)
a. glass
Voy a tomar un vaso de jugo de naranja.I'm going to have a glass of orange juice.
b. glassful
Voy a añadirle un vaso de agua a la mezcla.I'm going to add a glassful of water to the mix.
4. (ceramics)
a. urn
Fuimos a la exposición para ver los vasos antiguos hechos de barro negro.We went to the exhibition to see the ancient urns made of black clay.
5. (anatomy)
a. vessel
Los vasos sanguíneos circulan la sangre a través del cuerpo.Blood vessels circulate blood through the body.
6. (botany)
a. vein
Las plantas absorban los nutrientes necesarios mediante los vasos.Plants absorb necessary nutrients through their veins.
7. (animal anatomy)
a. hoof
Este caballo tenía un vaso infectado, pero se ha mejorado mucho.This horse had an infected hoof, but he's gotten a lot better.
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A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (material)
a. glass
Ten cuidado con esa jarra; es de vidrio.Be careful with that pitcher; it's made of glass.
2. (glass shard)
a. piece of glass
Amy se cortó el pie con un vidrio mientras caminaba por la playa.Amy cut her foot on a piece of glass while walking along the beach.
3. (glass pane)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. window
Si miras por el vidrio, verás que es un día hermoso.If you look through the window, you'll see that it's a beautiful day.
4. (optics)
a. lens
Se me cayeron los anteojos y se rompió un vidrio.I dropped my glasses and one of the lenses broke.
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